What are the Different Types of Abortion? 

Abortion – it’s a pregnancy option that can pose many questions  If you’re considering this option, it is important to understand the process and the different types of procedures available to you. 

Before an Abortion

When thinking about abortion, there are a few steps to consider before making a final decision. First, it is important to confirm your pregnancy, even after taking an at-home pregnancy test. 

To ensure the viability of your pregnancy, our clinic offers medical-grade pregnancy testing and limited ultrasounds. An ultrasound is the only way to confirm all of these details. We offer limited ultrasounds at no cost.

Different Types of Abortion: Medical Vs. Surgical

The type of abortion you are eligible for is based on how far along your pregnancy is. Medical abortion is for women who are 11 weeks 0 days pregnant or less. Any pregnancy over this requires a surgical abortion. 

Medical Abortion

Also called the abortion pill, medical abortion is a two-step medication procedure. There are two different drugs taken in the process: mifepristone and misoprostol – a series of two powerful drugs over a 24 to 48 hour period. 

The first drug, mifepristone, blocks the womb from absorbing the hormone progesterone , which thins the uterus and prevents the embryo from implanting or growing. The second drug, misoprostol, causes the uterus to contract and expel the pregnancy.

Potential risks of medical abortion (the abortion pill):

  • Incomplete abortion, which may need to be followed by surgical abortion
  • Heavy and prolonged bleeding
  • Digestive system discomfort
  • Infection
  • Fever

Surgical Abortion

During a surgical abortion, anesthesia may be given before the procedure. Dilation of the cervix and multiple surgical instruments remove the pregnancy through the vagina. If you are 11 to 13 weeks pregnant, a D & C (dilation and curettage) will likely be done using a vacuum and scraping tool to remove the pregnancy. 

If you are further than 13 weeks pregnant, a D & E (dilation and evacuation) will likely be done. Along with a vacuum and scraping tool, surgical tools, including forceps, are used to remove all pregnancy tissue parts.

Potential risks of surgical abortion include:

  • Damage to the uterus or cervix
  • Uterine perforation 
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Infection of the uterus or fallopian tubes
  • Scarring of the inside of the uterus
  • Reaction to the medicines or anesthesia, such as problems breathing
  • Not removing all of the tissue, requiring another procedure

Is Abortion for You?

Both surgical and medical abortion are major medical procedures with pros and cons to consider. We are here to walk with you as you make this decision. Schedule a no-cost pre-abortion screening today to gather the information you need as you make your choice. 

At Options for Women, we are here to support you and answer questions you may have about abortion. Schedule your appointment today to speak with our medical staff. 

May your choices reflect your hopes, not your fears.